For the sake of argument, let us take for granted that Ambrose Moran truly underwent an episcopal consecration ceremony in 1976 by an Orthodox bishop, and since the Catholic Church has historically accepted the validity of the sacraments administered by the Orthodox, would we not therefore be able to conclude that Ambrose Moran is truly a bishop?  The simple answer is “no”.  Let me explain.  When the Catholic Church teaches that the Orthodox have valid sacraments, we must understand that there are some general assumptions being made, such as:

 

1. The priest or bishop is truly a priest or bishop.
2. The priest or bishop has the right intention, that is, to do what the Catholic Church does.
3. The rite itself has valid matter and form.
4. The rite is scrupulously adhered to.

 

Now when the administration of the sacraments is under the control of the Catholic Church, the above assumptions are generally not questioned and therefore one may have a moral certitude as to the validity and consequent acceptance of the sacraments administered by Catholic clergy.  However, this is not the situation with the sacraments administered by the Orthodox; rather, each case must be investigated.  We must remember that the Orthodox have been in schism with the Catholic Church for nearly a millennium.  During that time there have been many factions that have broken off from each other and even disagree with each other for one reason or another regarding, for example, who is a valid priest or bishop.  What has happened to the Orthodox is akin to what has happened to the Protestants after they broken off from the true Church of Christ in the 16th century; they have become a mess.  Understanding this, then, and even when one can prove that he underwent an episcopal consecration ceremony by an Orthodox bishop, we cannot as Catholics claim to have a moral certitude that he is truly a bishop without a thorough investigation being done, which needs to consist of the following, at a minimum, by the competent authorities1:

 

1. That the rite used was a received and approved rite of the Catholic Church.
2. That the rite was scrupulously adhered to.
3. That the supposed bishop performing the consecration was truly a bishop.  This would involve investigating points 1 and 2 for him and all those in his line going all the way back to the last Catholic bishop.

 

You can foresee that this could be an exhausting and time consuming process, and yet still end up with uncertain results.

 

In regards to Ambrose Moran’s case, even if we take for granted that he truly underwent a consecration ceremony by an Orthodox bishop, we cannot have a moral certitude that he is a valid bishop.  The above formula would have to be applied by the competent authorities.  But what if we can prove that his consecration was probably valid?  Would not this, then, make it morally lawful to receive the sacraments from him?  The simple answer again is “no”.  The following proposition was condemned by the Holy Office in 1679 under Pope Innocent XI:

 

“It is not illicit in conferring sacraments to follow a probable opinion regarding the value of the sacrament, the safer opinion being abandoned, unless the law forbids it, convention or the danger of incurring grave harm.  Therefore, one should not make use of probable opinions only in conferring baptism, sacerdotal or episcopal orders.”
(Denzinger 1151)

 

Therefore, even if we take for granted that Ambrose Moran underwent a consecration ceremony by an Orthodox bishop and that we can prove that his consecration was probably valid, it would still be morally unlawful to receive the sacraments from him.  We must first have a moral certitude that he has the power to confer the sacraments, which would need to consist of the competent authorities first proving with a moral certitude each point of the formula stated above.

 

In addition to needing to prove with a moral certitude each point of the the formula, note that I qualified that the investigation be done “by the competent authorities”.  Can we consider Fr. Pfeiffer and/or Fr. Hewko competent authorities to prove with a moral certitude that Ambrose Moran is a true bishop?  One of the requirements of a competent authority should be that he have no vested interest in the case in question.  Otherwise, he will be biased to seek evidence in favour of his wish or determined position. Now the Kentucky Fathers have made their position clear; they accept Ambrose Moran as a true bishop.  They originally arrived at this conclusion almost three years ago because of statements made by Ambrose Moran and documents received from him, despite the evidence presented to the contrary.  From the start, the original investigation on their part was biased because they needed a bishop for their seminary.  Since then, they have become more desperate for a bishop, so much so that they approved the recent conditional ordination of Fr. Poisson from the hands of Ambrose Moran.  Now I hear that Fr. Pfeiffer is likely to come out soon with some presentation providing evidence of the validity of the episcopacy of Ambrose Moran.  Will this evidence be evidence already presented or new evidence?  If it is the former, then this evidence has already been sufficiently refuted to at least place a positive doubt on the matter; if it is the latter, then how unbiased will this evidence be when Fr. Pfeiffer has already doubled down by the approval of the conditional ordination of Fr. Poisson?

 

In conclusion, even if we take for granted that Ambrose Moran truly underwent an episcopal consecration ceremony in 1976 by an Orthodox bishop, we cannot state with a moral certitude that he is truly a bishop unless a thorough investigation is done, which needs to consist of the following, at a minimum, by the competent authorities1:

 

1. That the rite used was a received and approved rite of the Catholic Church.
2. That the rite was scrupulously adhered to.
3. That the supposed bishop performing the consecration was truly a bishop.  This would involve investigating points 1 and 2 for him and all those in his line going all the way back to the last Catholic bishop.

 


If the validity of one’s priesthood is in question, then a thorough investigation would need to be done, which needs to consist of the following, at a minimum, by the competent authorities:

 

1. That the rite used was a received and approved rite of the Catholic Church.
2. That the rite was scrupulously adhered to.
3. That the supposed bishop performing the ordination was truly a bishop.  This would involve investigating points 1 and 2 for him and all those in his line going all the way back to the last Catholic bishop.

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

In September 2017, without any solicitation on my part, I was contacted via e-mail by a Mr. James DeSantis.  He wrote that he saw pictures on this Ambrose Moran website and that he recognized Ambrose Moran as a Catholic elementary school teacher that he had in Grade 8 of the 1970 to 1971 school year at Incarnation School in Queens Village, New York.  One of the pictures that most caught Mr. DeSantis’ attention was that of William Moran as a seminarian in 1971 (see below).  According to Mr. DeSantis, that is the way William Moran looked at that time, but that he was not a seminarian; rather, he was a school teacher.  William Moran was introduced in September 1970 as Brother William Moran.

 

Mr. DeSantis graduated from Incarnation School in June 1971.  Therefore, he no longer had contact with William Moran after that.  However, he had friends in earlier grades that could vouch that William Moran remained a school teacher in the 1971 to 1972 and 1972 to 1973 school years.  It was in 1973 that Mr. DeSantis learned that the school discovered some time in the 1971 to 1972 school year that William Moran was not actually a brother and that some time in the 1972 to 1973 school year he was dismissed from the school.  Furthermore, Mr. DeSantis learned that William Moran was dismissed from a seminary prior to his arrival at Incarnation School (I believe this may be the seminary written about in this post).

 

As evidence of William Moran being a teacher during at least two of the mentioned years, Mr. DeSantis provided me over the course of our communications (via e-mail and over the phone) class pictures of the 1971 to 1972 and 1972 to 1973 school years that were provided to him by students of earlier grades.  You can find William Moran to the left hand side of the pastor who is in the middle of each picture.  Unfortunately, Mr. DeSantis could not find a class picture of the 1970 to 1971 school year, but is willing to put his testimony on the line by communicating with anybody interested in doing so.  Mr. DeSantis can be reached at “jvdesantis@gmail.com”.  Please forgive Mr. DeSantis if he takes several days to get back to you as he is a businessman often on the move.

 

I provided the two class pictures to Fr. Pfeiffer and Fr. Hewko (one picture was provided in September 2017 and the other in December 2017) shortly after I received them from Mr. DeSantis.  I questioned the Fathers on how William Moran could be ordained a priest by Cardinal Slipyj in 1974 when he spent the three previous years as a school teacher rather than as a seminarian.  Neither of the Fathers responded to me.

 

My friends, if we take the testimony of Mr. DeSantis and the evidence of the two class pictures presented in this post along with the several other pieces of evidence presented in my other posts, the story given by Ambrose Moran that he was ordained a priest in 1974 and consecrated a bishop in 1976, both by Cardinal Slipyj, just doesn’t add up.  Furthermore, it is dangerous to assume that Ambrose Moran’s alleged ordination in 1974 and consecration in 1976 by Orthodox bishops were valid.  Even if one accepts that the Orthodox ordination and consecration ceremonies did truly occur and that they were probably valid, it is still not sufficient in the moral order to receive the sacraments from him (refer to Denzinger 1151).  Yet recently we had Fr. Pfeiffer and Fr. Hewko approve of Ambrose Moran conditionally ordaining Fr. Poisson, former priest of the Fraternity of St. Peter.  Now that the Fathers have gone down this road, do not be surprised if Ambrose Moran sooner or later administers the Minor and Major Orders to their seminarians.

 

Things are getting really messy in Boston, Kentucky!

 

 

 

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

Why?

 

http://www.roderickrichards.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMrUtf1oKdQ

 

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

August 12, 2018 Update:  I was informed by Martin Dougherty that he marked this YouTube video as private due to complaints he received.  Therefore, unless one knows the direct video link, the video is almost as good as non-existent.

 

August 4, 2018 Update:  I have been informed that the YouTube video is available (see below).  However, I could not find it in the list of videos on the channel itself, so I assumed that it was removed.  If someone can find the video in the channel list, please write to me at “info@ecclesiamilitans.com”.

 

 

August 3, 2018 Original Publication:

 

Why?

 

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC2ZFU2amJsNolPTD2FVDxDA

 

Scrubbed.

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

Why?

 

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCV1QyIsnVeRDWNLvKsLSveA

 

Scrubbed.

 

Scrubbed.

 

Scrubbed.

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

The e-mail correspondence in the link below is related the photo that follows:

 

William Moran and the Don Bosco College Seminary

 

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

The e-mail correspondence in the link below is regarding the photo that follows:

 

William Moran, Elevated to a Catholic Archimandrite?

 

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A letter dated June 30, 1980 was sent by William Moran to Bishop Borecky of the Toronto Eparchy of the Ukrainian Catholic Church.  I wrote about this letter in this post, in which I stated the following:

 

“William Moran identifies himself as ‘Fr.‘ Basil Moran.  Hold on a minute!  Why does he identify himself as ‘Father‘ when he was supposedly consecrated a bishop twice in 1976 (and this while he was continuing his graduate studies as per the February 14, 1975 letter, which is also referenced in this June 30, 1980 letter)?  And don’t forget that Bishop Borecky himself, according to Ambrose Moran, co-consecrated him a bishop in July 1976 and provided him a letter dated August 26, 1976 congratulating him for being appointed the successor of Cardinal Josyf Slipyj.  It is obvious here that William Moran was NOT consecrated a bishop either by Cardinal Slipyj or Bishop Borecky!”

 

That William Moran called himself “Father” in this 1980 letter caught my interest again (also note that he did not call himself “Ambrose” as he does when referring to himself as a bishop).  It led me to contact the Orthodox Church of America (OCA) to see whether they had anything on record regarding William Moran and his application to submit himself under the jurisdiction of Orthodox Metropolitan Theodosius.  Today (July 31, 2018) I received a message from a Fr. Eric G. Tosi, Secretary of the Chancery Office, in which he wrote that he did an extensive search of the archives and found some information about William Moran’s application to the OCA.  I then spoke to Fr. Tosi over the phone and he told me that William Moran applied to the OCA as an archimandrite (which is an honorary title for Eastern Catholic and Orthodox priests).  He was interviewed and given a theological test.  The result was that he was not accepted into the OCA.  Fr. Tosi was not allowed to supply me with records of the application and related documentation.

 

We see here that twice, in the letter and in the application, William Moran refers to himself as a priest and not a bishop, and this four years after he was supposedly consecrated a bishop, twice!  Very strange.

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I have learned from sources on the Internet as well as from private reliable sources that Fr. Poisson, former FSSP priest, has recently been conditionally ordained by Ambrose Moran with the approval of Fr. Pfeiffer and Fr. Hewko of Boston, Kentucky.  With this approval, the Kentucky Fathers have in effect reversed their public statement of November 7, 2015 in which they declared that they would not associate with Ambrose Moran.  This reversal is very disappointing to those of us who have either stayed with the Fathers or left and then came back predicated on the Fathers’ adherence to their November 7, 2015 statement.  I thank the Fathers for the good work they have done in keeping alive the mission and memory of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, but the procurement of ministerial services from Ambrose Moran is a red line for me.  Therefore, Ecclesia Militans no longer supports the work of the Kentucky Fathers.

 

For those interested in knowing the concerns I have with Ambrose Moran, please type “Ambrose Moran” in the search box at the top of this web page for a list of posts on the matter.

 | Posted by | Categories: William (Ambrose) Moran | Tagged: |

On January 7, 2016, Fr. Joseph Pfeiffer gave a sermon in Boston, Kentucky on Ambrose (a.k.a, William) Moran.  In this sermon, he responded to some of the propositions made by Fr. Juan Carlos Ortiz in his study entitled “A Theological and Canonical Study on the Case of William Edward Moran-Dolgorouky(publication retracted).  What I found most perplexing in Fr. Pfeiffer’s sermon is that he continues to maintain that Ambrose Moran is Catholic and has never been proven to be otherwise.  At 23 minutes & 10 seconds, Father says that Ambrose Moran has been accused of being non-Catholic, but he has never been proven to be non-Catholic.  At 31 minutes & 10 seconds, Father says that Ambrose Moran has been accused of being a schismatic Orthodox and yet it has never been proven that he is a schismatic Orthodox.  At 49 minutes & 30 seconds, among other things, Father says that Ambrose Moran was accepted as a Catholic priest by the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Toronto and that it is very clear that he is a Catholic, Catholic, Catholic in good faith.  And to say, therefore, that Ambrose Moran is not a Catholic priest is completely false.  It is incredible that Fr. Pfeiffer maintains his view that Ambrose Moran was and is Catholic despite the preponderance of evidence demonstrating Ambrose Moran’s schismatic past and that there is no evidence that Ambrose Moran has repented of this schismatic past.  In order to do the latter, Ambrose Moran would have to first admit that he had a schismatic past.  At 17 minutes and 0 seconds, Fr. Pfeiffer does say that Ambrose Moran made a profession of the Catholic Faith and repudiated Orthodox heresies.  This is all good, but the whole of Fr. Pfeiffer’s sermon indicates that Ambrose Moran has not admitted his schismatic past.  Therefore, I don’t see how what he did is much different from what I do when I recite the Credo at a Sunday Mass.  I cannot, then, agree with Fr. Pfeiffer.

 

The evidence already published on the Our Lady of Good Success Mission website that demonstrates Ambrose Moran’s schismatic past can be found at the following links (in chronological order of publication):

 

1.  Concerning Bishop Ambrose Moran’s Episcopal Consecration

2.  Decree Appointing Bishop Ambrose Moran as Successor for the Ukraininan Autocephalous Orthodox Church in the U.S.A.

3.  Ambrose Moran:  Is He Really a Catholic Bishop?

4.  A Theological and Canonical Study on the Case of William Edward Moran-Dolgorouky – Fr. Juan Carlos Ortiz (publication retracted)

5.  Ambrose Moran:  Is He Really a Catholic Priest?

6.  Owner of Schismatic Orthodox Website Confirmed to Be Ambrose Moran

 

In this article, I would like to focus on the time period of 1974 to 1980 to show some of the serious discrepancies that exist between the documents and testimonies available and Ambrose Moran’s claims regarding his priesthood and episcopacy with the end goal of providing an even greater degree of certitude to the reader of Ambrose Moran’s schismatic past.

 

May 1974 – Ordination Certificate

This is the ordination certificate found in the archives of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada.  Here are the comments of Fr. Bohdan Bilinksy, current Episcopal Vicar of the same Eparchy, regarding this certificate in an official letter to Fr. Juan Ortiz dated November 18, 2015:

 

“The letterhead is from the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Kiev. The signatory, Bishop Nicholas is that of an Orthodox Bishop and not connected with the Catholic (Roman nor Eastern) Church hierarchy.”

 

Fr. Bilinksy is only stating the obvious, that is, that this ordination does not come from the Catholic Church!  Willliam Moran was ordained by a schismatic Orthodox bishop!  This certificate, however, was not presented to Fr. Pfeiffer by Ambrose Moran.  Why not?  It is me, rather, who sent this ordination certificate to Fr. Pfeiffer and Fr. Hewko via e-mail on Thursday October 15, 2015.  Ambrose Moran, on the contrary, tells us in this video, at 4 minutes & 50 seconds, that he was ordained a priest by Cardinal Josyf Slipyj in the same year (1974).  Not once in that video or in these two videos (one, two), does Ambrose Moran mention his ordination by Bishop Nickolaus Ilnyckjy.  Why?  So, then, how does Fr. Pfeiffer resolve this discrepancy (he didn’t speak about it in his Jan. 7/16 sermon)?  Was William Moran ordained twice in 1974 – once by Bishop Nikolaus Ilnyckjy and once by Cardinal Josyf Slipyj?  If he was ordained twice, why was he so?  If he was also ordained by Cardinal Slipyj, then where is that certificate of ordination?  All we have as evidence of Ambrose Moran’s claim that he was ordained by Cardinal Slipyj is his word.  Sorry, but his word is not good enough when it comes to such an important matter.

 

February 14, 1975 – Letter of Bishop Borecky to William Moran

This is a letter found in the archives of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada.  It was first published here.  Here are the comments of Fr. Bohdan Bilinksy regarding this letter in the November 18, 2015 letter mentioned above:

 

“This is an authentic letter. I cannot explain why Ambrose would request and Bishop Isidor would accept him into the Eparchy for two years and at the same time give him permission to live and study outside the Eparchy i.e. in the US where he would need the local Bishop to give him faculties. HE WAS NOT incardinated into the Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada.”

 

Fr. Bilinksy, later in the November 18, 2015 letter, emphasizes the following:

 

“I do, hereby, declare that (Priest, Bishop, Archbishop) Moran IS NOT and NEVER HAS BEEN incardinated into the Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada. 

 

“All his credentials indicate that he is associated with some division of the Orthodox Church. The Catholic Church has no claim on him and he has no Canonical connection with the Catholic Church.”

 

Regarding this February 14, 1975 letter, Fr. Pfeiffer, at the 49 minutes & 30 seconds mark of his sermon, states that it shows that William Moran is a Catholic because he was accepted as a priest by a Ukrainian Catholic bishop for his eparchy.  I object!  If the Catholic Church authorities were in their Catholic minds, I would not object.  However, we know that since Vatican II the Church authorities have gone mad with ecumenism.  Let us remember that Pope Paul VI lifted the excommunication of the ecumenical patriarch of the schismatic Orthodox, Athenagoras I, on December 7 1965.  Therefore, the spirit of ecumenism was running high at that time (Pope Paul VI was still alive in 1975).  I don’t know for sure, but it may have been that Bishop Borecky himself was caught up in that spirit and that therefore a priest ordained by an Orthodox bishop did not need to formally renounce his Orthodox religion.

 

Regarding William Moran being incardinated into the Eparchy of Toronto, it is clear that he was NOT incardinated into the Eparchy of Toronto.  I emphasize this because I have heard Fr. Pfeiffer repeatedly state that William Moran was incardinated into the Eparchy of Toronto.  Even if we don’t take Fr. Bilinsky’s testimony into account, the February 14, 1975 letter itself states the following:

 

“After this time [a period of two years], a review of your record will be made, and the possibility of incardination will be discussed.”

 

Fr. Pfeiffer received the February 14, 1975 letter from Ambrose Moran himself several months ago, so I don’t understand why he has repeatedly stated that William Moran was incardinated into the Eparchy of Toronto when the letter states otherwise.

 

Conclusion:  William Moran was accepted as a priest of the Eparchy of Toronto for a period of two years (even though he resided in United States during this time), but he was not incardinated into this eparchy during this time.

 

1976 – Year of the Episcopal Consecration(s)

Ambrose Moran presented this certificate dated July 1976 to Fr. Pfeiffer as proof of his episcopal consecration by Cardinal Josyf Slipyj.  I downloaded this certificate from here.  I posted here a strong negative response I received from Don Marco Yaroslav Semehen, Rector of the St. Sophia Basilica where Ambrose Moran was supposedly consecrated a bishop, regarding the authenticity of the certificate.  Here, in addition, are the comments of Fr. Bohdan Bilinksy regarding this certificate in the November 18, 2015 letter mentioned above:

 

“The signatures of Cardinal Slipyj and Bishop Borecky are not congruent with their signatures we have on file. I allege that they are forgeries. The signature of Bishop Dmitri is not familiar to me but Bishop Dmitri was not likely to sign for another.”

 

This certificate dated September 1976 was the one that Ambrose Moran gave to Bishop Gregory of the Genuine Orthodox Church of America (GOC), which is anti-ecumenical just as Traditional Catholics are, as proof of his episcopacy at the time (2007) Ambrose Moran joined the GOC.  Ambrose Moran did not present this certificate to Fr. Pfeiffer; rather, I am the one who provided this certificate to Fr. Pfeiffer on October 17, 2015.  This certificate was confirmed authentic by a high-ranking schismatic clergyman of the Holy Protection Cathedral.  This clergyman telephoned Ambrose Moran, asked him questions, and was satisfied with his answers.  In his January 7, 2016 sermon, at the 51 minutes and 25 seconds mark, Fr. Pfeiffer acknowledges the Orthodox certificate (without saying that it was from the Orthodox), but states that the Catholic one was unable to be thoroughly proven.

 

Isn’t it interesting that Ambrose Moran was supposedly ordained a priest twice in 1974 and then supposedly consecrated a bishop twice in 1976?  Wow!  He surely got around!

 

Conclusion:  William Moran was not consecrated a Catholic bishop, but was consecrated a schismatic Orthodox bishop.

 

August 26, 1976 – (Alleged) Letter of Bishop Borecky to William Moran

This is a letter NOT found in the archives of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada.  This letter was provided by Ambrose Moran to Fr. Pfeiffer several months ago.  It was first published here.  Here are the comments of Fr. Bohdan Bilinksy regarding this letter in the November 18, 2015 letter mentioned above:

 

“A copy of this letter is not in our files. The signature on this document is not congruent with other signatures of Bishop Isidore’s that we have on file.  I allege that it is a forgery.”

 

Conclusion:  See next section.

 

June 30, 1980 – Letter of William Moran to Bishop Borecky

This is a letter found in the archives of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Toronto and Eastern Canada.  It was first published here (go to the Clemens Maria post that starts with “I received a reply from….”).  I provided this letter to Fr. Pfeiffer on October 15, 2015, which is the same day that I myself received it from the Eparchy of Toronto.  As far as I am aware, Ambrose Moran did not provide this letter to Fr. Pfeiffer.  Nonetheless, there are two key points in this letter that I bring to the reader’s attention:

 

1.  William Moran identifies himself as “Fr.” Basil Moran.  Hold on a minute!  Why does he identify himself as “Father” when he was supposedly consecrated a bishop twice in 1976 (and this while he was continuing his graduate studies as per the February 14, 1975 letter, which is also referenced in this June 30, 1980 letter)?  And don’t forget that Bishop Borecky himself, according to Ambrose Moran, co-consecrated him a bishop in July 1976 and provided him a letter dated August 26, 1976 congratulating him for being appointed the successor of Cardinal Josyf Slipyj.  It is obvious here that William Moran was NOT consecrated a bishop either by Cardinal Slipyj or Bishop Borecky!  Furthermore, this authentic June 30, 1980 letter proves that the alleged August 26, 1976 letter from Bishop Borecky to William Moran is a fake!

 

2.  William Moran writes the following:

 

“I am writing to inform Your Grace that I have submitted to the jurisdiction of Metropolitan Archbishop Theodosius of the Orthodox Church in America in order to regularize myself finally.  I want to express my sincere thanks to you for all your help and kindness in past years.

 

“As I am in the process of being received into the Orthodox Church in America, a short note from Your Grace would be very helpful….stating that I am of good character….”

 

By his own words, William Moran here admits that he was joining a schismatic Orthodox church!  And yet at 31 minutes & 10 seconds of Fr. Pfeiffer’s January 7, 2016 sermon, he says that Ambrose Moran has been accused of being a schismatic Orthodox and yet it has never been proven that he is a schismatic Orthodox.  Incredible!

 

The June 30, 1980 letter is also some evidence, as in the “February 14, 1975 – Letter of Bishop Borecky to William Moran” section above that Bishop Borecky may have been caught up in the ecumenical spirit of the time.  Once again, I don’t know for sure, but William Moran was certainly comfortable asking Bishop Borecky for a letter of recommendation towards joining a schismatic Orthodox church.

 

Conclusion:  William Moran joined a schismatic Orthodox church!

 

Our Lady of Good Success, pray for us!

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